Magento 2 is released with multiple security and functional improvements. It has a friendly interface, better performance, faster checkout, and mobile friendliness.
The majority of the Magento owners are still on Magento 2; however, migration to Magento 2 is going at a fast pace.
But all the latest features need the newest technology it is built on. There are Magento 2 requirements you have to consider before migrating to Magento 2.
Let’s see all the Magento 2 requirements to run the Magento 2 store effectively.
Magento 2 System Requirements:
Below is the technical stack critical to running the Magento 2 store. Some components are essential, and Magento stores cannot run without them.
- Operating Systems
- Web Server
- PHP Extensions
- PHP OPcache
- PHP Setting
- Mail Server
- Tech Stack
The operating system is the software that manages and runs the entire Magento store. Without it, you cannot install Magento.
Magento can be installed on Linux (x86-64) distributions:
- RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL)
For now, Magento is not supported on:
- Windows OS
- Mac OS
RAM Magento 2 Requirements
RAM is the most commonly used memory technology. Its primary function is to provide temporary data storage while the computer is on.
At least 2 GB of RAM is critical for smooth Magento installation. However, on 2 GB, Magento does not run at its full efficiency.
As the store grows, you will need more RAM.
Composer for Magento 2
A composer is a tool for dependency management in PHP. It allows you to declare the libraries your project depends on, and it will manage (install/update) them for you.
Magento 2, themes and extensions are built on PHP.
You need a stable version of the composer to contribute to the Magento 2 codebase.
Magento Requirement for Web Servers
A web server is computer software that responds to requests from web browsers for resources from the World Wide Web and serves the content to the browser.
The most common type of web server is called an HTTP server. It is responsible for accepting requests from browsers and serving them HTML content.
To run Magento 2, you need to install any one web server. Most of the Magento owners are running on both.
- Apache 2.4
- Nginx 1 and above
Magento 2 Database requirements
A database is an organized collection of data to be easily accessed and managed. MySQL and MariaDB are the most popular open-source databases.
Magento is also compatible with MySQL NDB Cluster 7.4.*, MariaDB 10.0, 10.1, 10.2, Percona 5.7, and other binary-compatible MySQL technologies.
- Magento 2.0.x MySQL 5.6
- Magento 2.1.x MySQL 5.6 (For Magento 2.1.2 and higher, use MySQL 5.7)
- Magento 2.2.x MySQL 5.6, 5.7
- Magento 2.3.x MySQL 5.6, 5.7
Magento 2 PHP Requirements
PHP is the programming language Magento is built on. To run the Magento, you have to have the PHP installed.
Not all Magento versions support all PHP versions. You have to match the versions to make it work.
- PHP 7.2
- PHP 7.3
- PHP 7.4
- PHP 8.1
Magento 2 PHP Extensions Requirement
A PHP extension is a specially formed library or plug-in that provides a function that many applications can use.
Below is the essential PHP extension to run the Magento 2 store.
OPcache is a caching engine built into PHP. When enabled, it dramatically increases the performance of websites that utilize PHP by storing precompiled code from a previous request. These intermediary stages are not necessary when used for later requests to the same script or program.
It makes PHP run faster and more efficiently, which has resulted in an average performance gain of 45% across thousands of sites since it was launched.
OPcache must be appropriately installed for performance reasons.
A particular PHP setting must be configured to avoid various Magento problems. Read more about PHP settings.
Magento 2 SSL Requirement
Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) is the most widely deployed cryptographic protocol to provide security over internet communications. It was replaced by TLS (Transport Layer Security) publicly in 1999, but many people still use SSL technology.
This protocol can secure communication between two machines or devices over an internal network or the internet.
For a secure Ecommerce store, you should enable an SSL certificate.
- A valid security certificate is required for HTTPS
- Self-signed SSL certificates are not supported
- Transport Layer Security (TLS) requirement
Necessary System Dependencies
Magento needs these system tools for its various operations:
A mail server is a device that handles and delivers emails. A mail server can receive messages from client computers and deliver them to their final destination to be more precise.
A mail server has to be configured to send the system, transactional and eCommerce marketing emails.
- Mail Transfer Agent (MTA)
- SMTP server
Magento technological requirement
Other technologies are also crucial for a smooth Magento 2 experience. Caching, search engine, and DB caching are a few of them.
- Redis version 3.2 (compatible with 2.4+ ) for page caching and session storage
- Varnish version 4.x or 5.2
- RabbitMQ 3.7.x (compatible with 2.0 and later)
- Elasticsearch 5.2.x
Magento 2 Browsers Support
Magento 2 supports all the latest browsers, so you have to do not have much on this front.
- Internet Explorer 11 or later, Microsoft Edge
- Safari Mobile for iPad 2, iPad Mini
- Safari Mobile for iPhone 6 or later; iOS 12 or later
- Chrome for mobile
Magento 2 with Breeze
If you set up, run and manage your Magento 2 store with Breeze, you do not have to worry about these requirements.
All the optimization, configuration and setup is already done within the Breeze. You only have to pick your store name, cloud provider, server location and email address – and your store will be ready in several minutes.
- Load the website pages under 3 seconds
- Tight security, including DDoS mitigation and bot attack
- User-friendly interface and developer tools
- Caching, optimizations and Free Migration
If you like a demo, please use live chat to book a demo.
In this short article, I listed all the Magento 2 requirements. If you like to migrate to Magento 2, fulfil these Magento 2 requirements before starting.
For a fast, secure and high-performance Magento 2 store, you need to be on the latest Magento version. Access all the requirements and plan the Magento Migration strategy wisely.
Want help migrating to Magento 2? Get in touch with us. We can guide you in the right direction.